Conditions

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Spinal disorders may be caused by inflammation, injuries, degeneration, autoimmune diseases, and many other conditions. Browse through this category to find out more about the symptoms and causes, and find helpful suggestions for living with these disorders.


  • Cervical osteochondrosis
    Cervical osteochondrosis is the result of changes that occur in the intervertebral discs in the cervical spine. The changes that occur with cervical osteochondrosis in the discs also cause changes in the vertebrae. This can result in painful symptoms due to pressure on the nerve roots.
  • Spine Injuries and Disorders
    Spine diseases may be accompanied by very different symptoms, and many times these conditions also cause pain. Pain is most likely to happen when pressure or stress is placed on the spinal cord or nerves.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
    Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic disorder which causes recurring inflammation of the bones in the head and trunk of the body. It is sometimes called Marie-Strümpell disease or Bechterew's syndrome. It most commonly affects the bones of the spine, but it can also affect the pelvis, ribs and even the eyes.
  • Arthritis (Spondylosis)
    Arthritis is a disease that characterized by inflammation in one or several of the joints in your body. It is characterized by pain and stiffness in the joints that are affected and it usually becomes worse over time. There are several different types of arthritis, but the most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infectious arthropathies
    Infectious arthritis is a condition that causes intense pain in a joint due to infection. Germs can settle and multiply in a joint or several joints, being carried there in your bloodstream from an infection in a different part of your body
  • Disk Hernia
    A herniated disc occurs when the nucleus pulposus, which is the gel-like inner substance of an intervertebral disc, breaks through the annulus fibrosus, which is the tough, outer rim of the tire-like structure. Pain is the most common symptom
  • Kyphosis
    Kyphosis is the medical term for "hunchback." It happens when the upper portion of the spine (the thoracic) reason is abnormally curved forward. Some forward curvature in this region is normal but if the curve is greater than 50 degrees, the condition is considered to be "kyphotic" which is abnormal.
  • Lordosis
    Lordosis is also known as "sway-back." It is defined as an excessive curve inward of the spine. The natural curvature of the spine allows the head to be positioned over the pelvis. In this position, the curves are able to absorb the shock and distribute the mechanical stress that occurs during movement.
  • Osteomyelitis
    Osteomyelitis is an infection in a bone. The condition can occur in people of any age, but it is more likely to happen in the elderly or in young children. Most of the time osteomyelitis is a bacterial or a fungal infection. It is typically found in the vertebrae, the bones of the spine, but it is able to spread to the discs that lie between the vertebrae and into the space that surrounds the spinal cord.
  • Sciatica
    Sciatica usually occurs in the area that is supplied by the nerve root that is injured or compressed, and runs down the leg to the foot. Other symptoms associated with dysfunction of the nerve may also occur, such as muscle weakness. The pain travels quickly along the path of the sciatic nerve, and is typically described as "shooting pain."
  • Scoliosis
    Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways. Some curvature in the spine is normal, but if the curves are too severe, pain and other complications can result.
  • What is Spine Injury?
    A spine or back injury is caused by trauma, wear or damage to the muscles, bones or other tissues that make up the back. Find a doctor on our website in your area.
  • Chiari malformation
    Chiari malformation is uncommon condition, during which brain tissue may protrude into one’s spinal canal. This condition may happen when part of the skull is too small or has unusual shape, pressing on the brain tissue and forcing it downward.
  • Spondylolisthesis
    Spondylolisthesis is disorder that occurs when one of the vertebrae in your spine slips forward, over the vertebra that lies underneath it. When you look at a picture of spondylolisthesis on an X-ray, it looks as though one of your backbones is suspended out over the one below it.
  • Low Back Pain
    Low back pain is a common term used to describe stiffness and pain in the lumbar or lower portion of the back. Sometimes people refer to this area as the “small” of the back. Sometimes when low back pain occurs, pain that radiates into the buttocks or legs is present as well.
  • Myelopathy
    Myelopathy is a medical term that is used to describe any neurological disorder of the spinal cord. It is typically caused by compression of the spinal cord due to bone spurs, also known as osteophytes, or by herniated or “ruptured” discs in the cervical spine.
  • Cervical Radiculopathy
    Cervical radiculopathy is a condition that affects the nerve roots of the cervical or upper portion of the spine. The nerve roots that are usually affected are those of the sixth and the seventh cervical vertebrae.
  • Radiculopathy
    Radiculopathy is the condition that results when the nerves of the spine are compressed or pinched. When the spinal nerves are pinched, they become inflamed and this causes pain, weakness and changes in sensation, like numbness or tingling, which are typical signs of radiculopathy
  • Lumbar radiculopathy
    Symptoms of lumbar radiculopathy include almost constant pain that travels from the lower back into the backs of the upper thighs and, in some people, the pain continues all the way to the foot. This pain is usually sharp and is worse when you stand, walk
  • Spinal stenosis
    Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when the spaces in your backbone (spine) become narrow. When this happens, your spinal cord and its nerves can become compressed or pinched.
  • Sprain & Strain
    A strain occurs when you injure a tendon or a muscle. Tendons are the fibrous and tough tissues that bind muscle tissue to your bones. When you strain your back, the tendons and muscles that provide your spine with strength and support are pulled, become twisted or are torn.
  • Osteophytes (bone spurs)
    Bone spurs are extra pieces of bone that form along the edges of bone. They are also sometimes called osteophytes, and often develop in the joints, where one bone meets another. Bone spurs can also develop on the bones of the spine.
  • Pinched nerve
    When too much pressure is placed on a nerve by the tissues that surround it, pinched nerves can occur. Tissues that surround nerves include muscles, tendons, bones and cartilage. When pinched nerves occur, their function is disrupted. This causes numbness, tingling, weakness or pain.
  • Cervical spondylosis
    Cervical spondylosis is a broad term for the wear and tear changes that affect the vertebral or spinal discs in your neck due to aging. Over time, these discs begin to shrink and become dry, and signs of osteoarthritis, such as bone spurs, begin to develop.
  • Peripheral neuropathy
    Peripheral neuropathy occurs as a result of nerves being damaged. It frequently causes symptoms like pain, weakness and numbness in the feet and hands, but it can occur in other parts of the body too.
  • Headache
    A headache can be defined as pain occurring in any area of the head. The pain may develop only on one side of the head or it can occur on both sides. A headache may be located in one particular area or it may move across the head from one area to another. Some headaches feel as though the head is being squeezed in a vice.
  • Atlantoaxial Instability
    Atlantoaxial instability (AAI) is a condition that is characterized by an excess in movement between the vertebrae in the neck known as the atlas and the axis. The condition is a result of an abnormality in the bones or the ligaments. If the nerve roots or the spinal cord are affected, neurologic symptoms can result as a complication of atlantoaxial instability.
  • Scoliosis in children
    The main cause of dysplastic scoliosis in children is a metabolic disorder in the vertebrae and intervertebral discs. At first, scoliosis isn’t present, and its first sign is torsion.
  • Dowager hump
    A dowager’s hump is a local fat deposit with a projection to the seventh cervical vertebra. The peculiar name of this disorder originates from the middle ages. In those times women, who reached menopause, had a specific bulge of various sizes in the cervical region.
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