Infectious arthritis develops due to an infection in the joints, and it can be extremely painful. The condition develops when organisms travel from a site of infection somewhere else body via the bloodstream to one or several joints. Infectious arthritis can also occur when an injury or wound penetrates the skin and allows infective organisms to invade the joints directly.
People most likely to develop infectious arthritis include infants and elderly people. Joints in the knees and hips are most commonly affected by infectious arthritis. Because joint infections can very quickly lead to severe cartilage and bone destruction, prompt treatment is vitally important.
The symptoms of infectious arthritis include:
Treatment of infectious arthritis typically involves a procedure to remove the infected material from the joint. This can be done surgically, or the infected fluids are sometimes withdrawn using a needle and syringe (aspiration). Intravenous antibiotics are also often required in the treatment of infectious arthritis.