Hemivertebrae resection is a surgical procedure completed in some cases to correct and/or prevent complications related to congenital spinal curvatures.
Children who are born with abnormal spinal curvatures sometimes have vertebrae (backbones) that are known as hemivertebra. These vertebrae are shaped like a triangle, instead of like normal backbones, which are rectangular. Hemivertebrae can cause abnormal spinal curvatures like scoliosis.
Depending on where in the spine the abnormalities are located, hemivertebra resection may be needed to correct spinal curvatures and prevent complications due to spinal deformities.
The spine grows most rapidly during the first five years of a child’s life, and again during puberty. These are the times when doctors may most closely monitor for the need for hemivertebrae resection surgery.
Depending on your child's condition, hemivertebra resection may be indicated to prevent complications. This procedure involves removing the vertebrae that are misshapen and fusing together the bones that lie above and below those that were removed. Hemivertebra resection often involves using surgical instrumentation such as plates, rods, or screws to help support the spine and ensure the remaining vertebrae grow into one solid piece of bone.
Following hemivertebra resection, children are often required to wear a brace or need to wear a cast to hold the spine in place while healing takes place.
Hemivertebra resection surgery is usually successful in most cases to correct spinal curvatures, but there are some risks associated with the procedure, including excessive bleeding and nerve damage.